Bihar Basic Information: General; Demography and Administration

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Bihar Basic Information: Bihar is a state in eastern India. It is the third-largest state by population and the twelfth-largest by territory, with an area of 94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi). It is contiguous with Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, the northern part of West Bengal to the east, and Jharkhand to the south. The Bihar plain is split by the river Ganges, which flows from west to east. Three main cultural regions converge in the state: Magadh, Mithila, and Bhojpur. Bihar is also the world’s fourth-most populous sub-national entity.

Here, we are giving the complete study material of ‘Basic Information of Bihar’ that will ease the journey of aspirants to crack the competitive examinations like BPSC and other state-level examinations.

General Information

Date of Formation22nd March 1912
Capital of the statePatna
Latitude of the State24°20′ N to 27°3′ N
Longitude of the State83°19′ E to 88°17′ E
Total Geographical Area of the State94,163 sq km
High Court of the StatePatna
Language of the StateHindi and Urdu
Length (North to South)345 km
Length (East to West)483 km
Height above Sea Level (Average)173 ft
Annual Rainfall1158 mm


Zila Parishad38
Lok Sabha Seats40
Rajya Sabha Seats16


Population   10,40,99,452 
* Male5,42,78,157
* Female4,98,21,295
Sex Ratio918
Sex Ratio (0-6 years)935
SC Population1,65,67,325 
* Male86,06,253
* Female79,61,072
SC Population (%)15.9
ST Population13,36,573
* Male6,82,516
* Female6,54,057
ST Population (%)1.3
Total Literacy Population5,25,04,553 
* Male3,16,08,023
* Female2,08,96,530 
Literacy rate (%)61.8
Male Literacy Rate (%)71.2
Female Literacy Rate (%)51.5

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