Chronology of Important Events in Indian History

BPSC
Spread the love

Chronology of Important Events in Indian History: Indian History is a topic of interest to many including foreigners because of the cultures and civilizations that existed in this sub-continent. The history of India can be studied under political, cultural, religious or economic heads. Chronologically, Indian History can be classified into three periods – Ancient India, Medieval India and Modern India.

Here, we are giving the complete study material of ‘Chronology of Important Events in Indian History’ that will ease the journey of aspirants to crack the competitive examinations like BPSC and other state-level examinations.

Chronology of Important Events in Indian History

Ancient India

YearEventImportance
2 Million BC to 10,00 BC2 Million BC to 50,000 BC50,000 BC to 40,000 BC40,000 BC to 10,000 BCPalaeolithic PeriodLower PalaeolithicMiddle PalaeolithicUpper PalaeolithicFire was discoveredTools made of limestones were used. They are found in Chotanagpur plateau and Kurnool district 
From 10,000 BCThe Mesolithic AgeHunters and HerdersMicrolith tools were used 
7000 BCThe Neolithic ageFood producersUse of polished tools
Pre-Harappan Phase – 3000 BCChalcolithic AgeUse of Copper – first metal
2500 BCHarappan PhaseBronze age civilization, development of Urban culture
1500 BC-1000 BCEarly Vedic periodRig Veda period 
1000BC-500BCLater Vedic periodGrowth of 2nd Urban phase with the establishment of Mahajanapadhas
600 BC – 325 BCMahajanapadhas16 kingdoms with certain republics established
544 BC – 412 BCHaryanka DynastyBimbisara, Ajatshatru and Udayin
412 BC – 342 BCShisunga DynastyShisunga and Kalashoka
344BC – 323 BCNanda DynastyMahapadmananda 
563 BCBirth of Gautama BuddhaBuddhism established
540 BCBirth of Mahavira24th Tirthankara of Jainism
518 BCPersian InvasionDarius 
483 BC1st Buddhist councilRajgir
383 BC2nd Buddhist CouncilVaishali
326 BCMacedonian InvasionDirect contact between Greek and India
250 BC3rd Buddhist councilPataliputra
322 BC – 185 BC322 BC – 298 BC298 BC – 273 BC273 BC – 232 BC232 BC – 185 BCMauryan PeriodChandragupta MauryaBindusaraAshokaLater MauryansThe political unification of India, Dhamma policy of Ashoka, the growth of art and architecture
185 BC – 73 BCSunga DynastyPushyamitra Sunga
73 BC – 28 BCKanva dynastyVasudeva founded the dynasty
60 BC – 225 ADSathavahana dynastyCapital at Paithan, MH 
2nd BCIndo-GreeksMenander(165-145AD)
1st BC – 4th ADThe ShakasRudradaman (130 AD – 150 AD)
1st BC – 1st ADThe ParthiansSt Thomas arrived in India during the reign of Gondophernes
1st AD -4th ADThe KushansKanishka (78 AD – 101 AD)
72 AD4th Buddhist CouncilKashmir
3rd BC – 3rd ADSangam ageConvene of Sangam Commune, Rule of Cheras, Cholas and Pandyas
319 AD – 540 AD319 – 334 AD335 – 380 AD380 – 414 AD415 – 455 AD455 – 467 ADThe Gupta AgeChandragupta ISamudraguptaChandragupta IIKumaraguptaSkandagupta319 AD – Gupta AgeThe golden age of IndiaDevelopment of numerous art and literature.Nagara style of Temple Building
550 AD – 647 ADVardhana DynastyHarsha (606-647 AD)Kannauj assembly and Prayag assembly heldHuan-Tsang visited Harsha’s assembly
543 – 755 ADChalukyas of VatapiDevelopment of Vesera style
575 – 897 ADPallavas of KanchiStructural temples in Dravida style started to develop

Medieval India

Early Medieval Period (650 – 1206 AD)

YearEventImportance
750 – 1150 ADRule of the PalasCapital at Munger, Bihar
752 – 973 ADThe RasthrakutasCapital at Malkhed
730 – 1036 ADThe PratiharasRuled western India
712 ADFirst Muslim InvasionMahmud Bin Qasim invaded India
850 – 1279 ADThe CholasCapital at Tanjore, epitome moment for Dravidian Architecture
998 – 1030 ADFirst Turk invasionMahmud of Ghazni
1175 – 1206 ADSecond Turk invasionMahmud of Ghori
1178 – 1192 ADPrithviraj ChauhanThe first battle of Tarain in 1191 between Prithviraj and Mahmud of Ghori1192, Second battle of Tarain

The Sultanate Period (1206 – 1526 AD)Signup for Free Mock Test

The Slave Dynasty
Year EventImportance
1206 – 1210 ADQutbuddin AibakKnown as Lal Bakhsh, began the construction of Qutb Minar
1211 – 1236 ADShamsuddin IltumishThe real founder of Delhi sultanate
1236 – 1240 ADRazia SultanaFirst and only Muslim lady who ever ruled India
1240 – 1266 ADWeak successors 
1266 – 1287 ADGhiyasuddin BalbanEstablished Diwan-i-Arz
The Khalji Dynasty
YearEventsImportance
1290 – 1296 ADJalaluddin KhaljiFounder of Khalji dynasty
1296 – 1316 ADAllaudin KhaljiDid many administrative reforms, introduced the Dagh and Chehra system
The Tuglaq dynasty
YearEventsImportance
1320 – 1325 ADGhiyasuddin TuglaqFounder
1325 – 1351 ADMohammed-Bin-TuglaqIntroduction of administrative reforms and certain ambitious projects
1351 – 1388 ADFiroz Shah TuglaqBuilt great cities
1398 – 1399 ADTaimur InvasionTaimur, the descendant of Chengiz Khan, invaded during the reign of Muhammad Shah Tuglaq

The Sayyid dynasty 1414 – 1451 AD

The Lodhi Dynasty (1451 – 1526 AD)
YearEventsImportance
1451 – 1488 ADBahlol LodhiFounder of Lodhi dynasty
1489 – 1517 ADSikander LodhiFounded the city of Agra
1517 – 1526 ADIbrahim LodhiBabur defeated Lodhi in the first battle of Panipat

Vijaynagar and Bahmani Kingdoms

Vijaynagar Kingdom
YearEventsImportance
1336 – 1485 ADSangama DynastyFounded by Harihara and Bukka
1485 – 1505 ADSaluva DynastySaluva Narasimha
1505 – 1570 ADTuluva DynastyVeer Narashima
1509 – 1529 ADKrishna Deva RayaA gifted Scholar, contemporary of Babur
1570 – 1650 ADAravidu DynastyFounded by Tirumala
Bahmani Kingdom
YearEventsImportance
1347 – 1358 ADAlaudin Hasan Bahman ShahFounded the Bahmani Kingdom at Gulbarga
1397 – 1422 ADTajuddin Firoz Shah 
1422 – 1435 ADAhmad Shah Wali 

Mughal Empire

YeraEventImportance
1526 – 1530 ADBaburFounder of Mughal empire after the 1st Battle of Panipat
1530 – 1540 AD1555 – 1556 ADHumayunHe was defeated by Sher Shah
1540 – 1555 ADSur EmpireSher Shah defeated Humayun and ruled from 1540-45 AD
15562nd Battle of PanipatAkbar Vs. Hemu
1556 – 1605 ADAkbarEstablished Din-i-illahi, expanded Mughal empire
1605 – 1627 ADJehangirCaptain William Hawkins and Sir Thomas Roe visited the Mughal court
1628 -1658 ADShahjahanThe pinnacle of Mughal empire and art and architecture
1658 – 1707 ADAurangazebBeginning of the decline of Mughal empire
1707 – 1857 ADLater MughalsDecline and disintegration of Mughal empire with gaining strength of the British

Maratha State and Maratha Confederacy

Maratha state 1674 – 1720 AD
YearEventsImportance
1674 – 1680 ADShivajiContemporary of Aurangazeb and the biggest challenge for the Mughals in Deccan
1680 – 1689 ADSambhaji 
1689 – 1700 ADRajaram 
1700 – 1707 ADTarabai 
1707 – 1749 ADShahuThe rise of Peshwas
1713 – 1720 ADBalaji VishwanathThe first Peshwa

Maratha Confederacy 1720 – 1818 AD

YearEventImportance
1720 – 1740 ADBaji Rao I 
1740 – 1761 ADBalaji Baji Rao 
1761 ADThe third battle of PanipatThe defeat of Marathas by Ahmad Shah Abdali
1761 – 1818 ADLater successors 

Anglo Maratha Wars

YearEventImportance
1775 – 1782 AD1st Anglo Maratha WarBritish were defeated
1803 – 1806 AD2nd WarMarathas were defeated and they signed the Subsidiary Alliance
1817 – 1818 AD3rd WarMarathas were decisively defeated

Modern India

Bengal
YearEventsImportance
1717 – 1727 ADMurshid Quli KhanCapital of Bengal transferred to Murshidabad
1727 – 1739 ADShujauddin 
1739 – 1740 ADSarfaraj khan 
1740 – 1756 ADAlivardi Khan 
1756 – 1757 ADSirajuddaulahBattle of Plassey
1757 – 1760 ADMir Jafar 
1760 – 1764 ADMir QasimBattle of Buxar
Mysore
YearEventsImportance
1761 – 1782 ADHaider AliEstablishment of Modern Mysore state
1766 – 1769 AD1st Anglo – Mysore warHaider Ali defeated the British
1780 – 1784 AD2nd Anglo – Mysore warHaider Ali was defeated by Sir Eyrecoot
1782 – 1799 ADTippu SultanContinued the 2nd war
1790 – 1792 AD3rd Anglo – Mysore warTipu ceded half of his territory
17994th Anglo – Mysore warTipu sultan died
Punjab
1792 – 1839 ADMaharaja Ranjit SinghFounder of Sikh rule
1845 – 1846 AD1st Anglo – Sikh warSikhs were defeated
1848 – 1849 AD2nd Anglo – Sikh warDalhousie annexed Punjab

The advent of Europeans in India

YearCompany 
1498Portuguese East India companyHeadquarters at Cochin and Goa
1600English East India companyMadras, Calcutta and Bombay
1602Dutch East India companyPulicat, Nagapattinam
1616Danish East India companySerampore
1664French East India companyPondicherry

Carnatic wars

1746-481st Anglo-French warTreaty of Aix-la-Chapelle
1749-542nd Anglo-French warTreaty of Pondicherry
1758-633rd Anglo-French warTreaty of Paris

Freedom Struggle

YearEvent 
1857The First war of Indian independenceRevolt due to socio-religious and economic causes
1885Formation of Indian National CongressA.O. Hume
1885 – 1905Moderate phaseDominated by Dadabai Naoroji, Surendranath Banerjea
1905 – 1917Extremists PhaseDominated by Lal-Bal-Pal and Aurobindo Ghosh
1905Bengal PartitionCurzon announced the partition
1905 – 1908Swadeshi movementBoycott of foreign products
1906Muslim league formation 
1906Calcutta Session of INCSwaraj as the goal
1907Surat splitQuestion on extending the movement to the rest of India
1909Morley – Minto reformsThe separate electorate for Muslims
1915 – 1916Home rule movementBG Tilak and Annie Besant
1916Lucknow PactThe pact between Congress and League
1916Lucknow sessionExtremists admitted in Congress

Gandhian Era

Early life
1893 – 1914Gandhi in South AfricaFoundation of Natal Indian Congress, Sathyagraha and CDM against British excesses
1915 – 1948Gandhi in India 
1915Arrived in Bombay. First two years to tour India and not to participate in any political movement 
1917Champaran CampaignAgainst the Indigo cultivators
1918AhmedabadFirst hunger strike
1918KhedaFirst non-cooperation movement
1919Rowlatt SathyagrahaAgainst the Rowlatt act and Jallianwala massacre
1920-22Non-cooperation and Khilafat movement 
1924Belgaum sessionGandhi elected as Congress president
1930 -34Civil disobedience movementDandi MarchGandhi – Irwin Pact2nd Roundtable conferenceResuming the Civil disobedience movement
1940-41Individual satyagraha 
1942Quit India movementDo or die

Important Events during this period

YearEvent 
1919Rowlatt actGandhi gave a call for Rowlatt satyagraha
1919Jallianwala Massacre 
1920-22Khilafat and Non-cooperation movementHindu Muslim unity
1922Chauri Chaura incidentGandhi called off NCM
1923Congress Khilafat Swaraj PartyEnter legislative councils
1927Simon commissionAll white commission to review the 1919 act
1928Nehru committee reportTo determine the principles of the constitution
1929Jinnah’s 14 points 
1929Lahore sessionPurna Swaraj
1930Civil disobedience movementDandi March
1931Gandhi Irwin PactTo ask Gandhi to participate in the 2nd RTC
19312nd RTC held in London 
1932Communal award 
1932Poona Pact 
1935Government of India actProvisional autonomy
193718 months rule of Congress begins 
1939-45World War II begins 
1939Congress ministries resign 
1940August offerLinlithgow proposed to seek India’s cooperation in the World War
1941Individual Satyagraha 
1942Cripps mission 
1942Quit India movement 
1943Gandhi’s 21 days fast 
1944C R Formula 
1945Wavell Plan and Shimla Conference 
1945INA Trails 
1946RIN Ratings Mutiny 
1946Cabinet mission plan 
1946Formation of Interim government 
1946Formation of the constituent assembly 
1947Atlee’s announcement 
1947Mountbatten Plan 
1947Indian independence act, 1947 

More from us 

To join our telegram group-CLICK HERE


Spread the love

Leave a Reply