Important facts about India Part 1

STUDY MATERIAL
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Static General knowledge forms a chunk of the syllabus in government services’ exams and it is often difficult to find a reliable source for the same. Hence, to ease your preparation, in this post we are providing you with the facts about India which are relevant for your exam preparation.

All the best!!

Important facts about India

Longest, Largest, Tallest, Smallest in India

Bridges, Roads and Rail Route

LONGEST   Bridge/ River BridgeDhola Sadiya Bridge on the lohit river, Assam (also known as Bhupen Hazarika Setu, 9.15km)
Sea bridgeBandra Worli Sea Link on Mahim bay, Mumbai   (5.6km)
Railway BridgeVembanad Rail Bridge, Kerala
Train RouteVivek Express,  Dibrugarh to Kanyakumari  (4286 km)
Highway TunnelChenani-Nashri Tunnel( also known as Patnitop Tunnel, 11.2 Km ) on  NH44, Jammu & Kashmir
Railway platformGorakhpur, UP (1355.4m)
Railway TunnelPir  Panjal  Railway Tunnel (11.215 km),  Jammu & Kashmir
National Highway●  NH-44 (Srinagar  to Kanyakumari, 3745 KM)●  Previously this highway was known as NH-07 and it was starting from Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh) and was ending at Kanyakumari (Tamilnadu).
RoadGrand Trunk road from Delhi to Kolkata. (2500 km; one of the oldest roads of Asia).
Electric railway lineFrom Delhi to Kolkata via Patna (1532 km)
Which State has Longest HighwayUttar Pradesh (752 km)
longest Elevated ExpresswayChennai Port Maduravoyal Elevated Expressway 
LARGEST   Sea BridgeAnnai Indira Gandhi Bridge (Tamil Nadu)
Road Network (state)Maharashtra ( 6.08 lakhs km)
Road density (KM per unit Area)Kerala (5268 km/km2)
Share of national highwayUttar Pradesh (8483 km)
TALLEST (Highest)RoadLeh- Manali at Khardungla, (Jammu and Kashmir)
BIGGESTCantilever bridgeRabindra Setu ( Howrah Bridge),  Kolkata

Coasts, Borders, States Important facts

LONGEST  coastline (State)Gujarat  (1600 km)
coastline (South Indian State)Andhra Pradesh (974 km)
International Border(State)West Bengal (2509 km)
LARGEST   State with the maximum number of international bordersArunachal Pradesh (3 Countries)> West Bengal (3 Countries) > Sikkim (3 Countries)
State with the maximum number of neighbouring stateUttar Pradesh (8 states)
State (Area)Rajasthan  (3.42 Lakh km2)
State(Population)Uttar Pradesh (204 million)
State(Population Density)Bihar (1,106 per sq km)
State(Literacy Rate)Kerala (94%)
State(Sex Ratio)Kerala  (1084)
State(Population growth rate)Meghalaya (27.95%)
State (Most Urbanized)Goa (62%)
TALLEST (HIGHEST)BattlefieldSiachen Glacier, Jammu and Kashmir
SMALLEST   State (Area)Goa (3702 km2)
State (Population)Sikkim (6.1 lakh)
State (Population Density)Arunachal Pradesh (17 people)
State (Literacy Rate)Bihar (63.2%)
State (Sex Ratio)Haryana (879)
State (Population Growth Rate)Sikkim (12.89%)
State (Least Urbanized)Himachal Pradesh (10%)

Man Made Structures

LONGEST  Longest CorridorCorridor of Ramanathaswamy Temple at Rameswaram (Tamil Nadu)
LARGEST   AuditoriumSri Shanmukhanand Hall,  Mumbai
MosqueJama Masjid (Delhi)
TempleSri Ranganathaswamy temple, Tamil Nadu
DomeGol Gumbaz, Bijapur, Karnataka
PlanetariumBirla Planetarium, Kolkata
Cave TempleKailash Temple ( Ellora, Maharashtra)
MuseumIndian Museum, Kolkata
Public Sector BankState Bank of India
CaveAmarnath (J & K)
GurudwaraGolden Temple, Amritsar
ZooZoological Gardens, Alipur, Kolkata
Animal FairSonepur (Bihar)
PortMumbai (Maharashtra)
ChurchSaint Cathedral (Goa)
 LargestMonasteryTawang Monastery, Arunachal Pradesh
TALLEST(HIGHEST)   DamTehri Dam on Bhagirathi river, Uttarakhand  (Height 260 m)
GatewayBuland Darwaza,  Fatehpur Sikri,  UP
StatueGomateshwara, Karnataka
AirportLeh airport, J&K.
Gallantry AwardParam Vir Chakra
Civilian AwardBharat Ratna
Straight Gravity DamBhakra Dam on Satluj river, Himachal Pradesh.
BIGGEST StadiumYuva Bharti Stadium, Salt Lake, Kolkata
HotelOberoi-Sheraton (Mumbai)
Oldest Church   –  St. Thomas Church at Palayar, Trichur (Kerala)
Place of heaviest rainfall–  Mawsynram (Meghalaya)

Dam, Lakes and Water Bodies Important facts

LONGEST       Canal Indira Gandhi Canal, Rajasthan (Source Harike barrage, Punjab).
BeachMarina Beach (Chennai)
GlacierSiachen Glacier, Ladakh , J&K
DamHirakud Dam on Mahanadi River, Odisha (25.8 km)
Man-made lakeGovind Vallabh Pant Sagar (Rihand Dam, 934m), UP.
lakeVembanad lake , Kerala ( length 96.5 KM)
TALLEST (HIGHEST)LakeTso-Lhamo Lake, Sikkim (Height  5330m)
 TowerPitampura Tower, Delhi
 LARGEST    LakeWular lake, J&K
Brackish(Partial Saline) water lakeChilika Lake, Odisha
Salt water lakeSambhar lake, Rajasthan
Fresh water lakeWular lake , J&K. ( 260 km2)
Artificial Fresh water lake Shivaji sagar lake on Koyna Dam , Maharashtra. (891 km2)
 BarrageFarakka Barrage, Ganga
Deepest lake  –  Gobind Sagar lake on Satluj river, Himachal Pradesh.  (depth 163 m )

Natural Resources Important facts

LONGEST   Longest River which Flows entirely in IndiaGodavari river ( 1465 km)
River(India)The Ganga (2640 km. long)
Tributary river of IndiaYamuna (1376 km, tributary of Ganga)
Longest river which forms estuaryNarmada  ( Falls in the Arabian sea,1300 km)
LARGEST   DesertThar  Desert, Northwestern India (2 lakhs  km2)
DeltaSundarban Delta (on the mouth of Ganga – Brahmaputra River)
State with Maximum Forest AreaMadhya Pradesh ( 94 K km2)
State with the maximum percentage of Forest areaMizoram (about 75%)
TALLEST (HIGHEST) Mountain peak● Godwin Austin (K2), Karakoram Range, J&K (8611 m)● Kangchenjunga (8,586 m) highest in the undisputed territory of India
WaterfallKunchikal Falls, Varahi river, Karnataka
BIGGEST  Most Populous cityMumbai
Riverine  IslandMajuli island on  Brahmaputra River, Assam
Deepest River Valley– Bhagirathi and Alaknanda

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