Timeline of a demolition: Babri Masjid

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Babri Masjid (IAST: Bābarī Masjid; meaning Mosque of Babur) was a mosque in Ayodhya, India, at a site believed by many Hindus to be the birthplace of Hindu deity Rama. It has been a focus of dispute between the Hindu and Muslim communities since the 18th century.

The mosque in Ayodhya was demolished on December 6, by ‘kar sevaks’ who claimed that an ancient Ram temple stood at the same site.

 . “Timeline attempts to offer an idea of the events that led to the demolition and those that shaped how it will be seen in history:”

1528–The Babri Masjid is built in Ayodhya by Mir Baqi, upon the instructions of the Mughal emperor, Babur.

1855–Sunni Muslims claim the temple of Hanumangarhi in Ayodhya is built on the site of a destroyed mosque. Clashes begin between them and Bairais, but Nawad Wajid Ali Shah is believed to have intervened on behalf of the temple to maintain peace.

1859– The British administration erects a fence around Babri Masjid, as the belief that the mosque is the birthplace of Ram gains currency. Hindus are allowed to worship in the outer court

 1949– Idols of Ram Lalla placed under central dome outside the disputed structure.

1950– Gopal Simla Visharad files suit in Faizabad district court for right to worship the idols of Ram Lalla.

1961–UP Sunni Central Waqf Board files suit for possession of the site.

Feb 1986–Local court orders the government to open the site to Hindu worshippers.

Aug 1989– Allahabad HC orders status quo in respect of the disputed structure.

!Dec 6, 1992: Babri Masjid demolished !

On 6 Dec 1992 –Two FIRs filed in the case. One against unknown kar sevaks for demolition of the mosque. The other names BJP leaders L K Advani, M M Joshi and others for allegedly giving communal speeches before the demolition.

May 2001– Special CBI court drops proceedings against Advani, Joshi, Uma Bharti, Bal Thackeray and others

Nov 2004–CBI challenges before the Lucknow bench of Allahabad High Court the dropping of proceedings against BJP leaders on technical grounds. Court issues notices.

Sep 2010– In a 2:1 majority, HC rules three-way division of disputed area between Sunni Waqf Board, Nirmohi Akhara and Ram Lalla.

May 2011– SC stays HC verdict on Ayodhya land dispute.

Feb 2011–CBI moves Supreme Court against high court order in the mosque demolition case.

Mar 2017–SC indicates it may consider reviving conspiracy charge against the BJP leaders in Babri Masjid demolition case.

SC suggests fresh attempts to resolve Ayodhya dispute.

–Apr: SC favours time-bound completion of trial in the case and reserves order on CBI’s plea.

— SC restores criminal conspiracy charge against leaders including Advani, Joshi and Uma Bharti and clubs the trials in the matters pending against VIPs and kar sevaks.

–Nov 2019: SC grants entire disputed land in Ayodhya to deity Ram Lalla, directs govt to allot an alternative five-acre plot to Muslims to build mosque.

–Aug 2020: PM Narendra Modi conducts ‘bhoomi pujan’ in Ayodhya, launches construction of Ram temple.

— Supreme Court extends by a month the deadline for completion of trial in the Babri Masjid demolition case.

–Sep 30: Special Judge S.K. Yadav delivers judgment in the mosque demolition case, all accused acquitted.

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